Glasgow is the most populated city in Scotland as well as the third most populous city in the United Kingdom that has a population of just over 600 000. It is located on the River Clyde in the country’s West Central Lowlands. From a tourism perspective, it's the 5th most frequented city in the UK. The locals are frequently sometimes referred to as “Glaswegians”. The name of the city hails from Glasgow’s Gaelic title, Glaschu, meaning “Green Glen.” There is also a distinct dialect of the Scottish vocabulary, the Glasgow patter, which is often tricky to understand by those from outside Glasgow. Glasgow began being a small rural settlement about the banks of the River Clyde and developed into the 10th largest port in the United Kingdom. The River Clyde was obviously a natural position for the settlement because of its access to fishing resources. Glasgow grew to being a important core for the Scottish Enlightenment during the 18th century. Throughout the Industrial Revolution, the population and economy of the city increased dramatically to turn into among the world’s key zones of chemicals, textiles as well as engineering, especially for the shipbuilding and marine engineering industry. Glasgow’s subterranean train system, which is often referred to as the ‘Clockwork Orange’ because of its colour, is the 3rd oldest subterranean rail system in the world. After the River Clyde, the second major river is the Kelvin whose name was utilized in generating the title of Baron Kelvin. The Kelvin finished up as the SI unit for temperatures.
Glasgow incorporates a diversified architectural landscape. This ranges in the city centre with it grand Victorian buildings, to the numerous glass and metal edifices around the financial district to the serpentine terraces of blonde and red sandstone in the west section as well as the large mansions which make up Pollokshields, on the south side. Over the banks of the River Clyde there are a variety of cutting-edge looking properties that include the landmark Riverside Museum as well as the Glasgow Science Centre. The city has many amenities for a wide range of cultural activities, from the game of curling to opera and dancing as well as from football to fine art admiration. There are several museums that include those specialized in transportation, religious beliefs, and modern art. In 1990 Glasgow was selected as being the European City of Culture. The city is furthermore a significant centre of higher learning and academic research, with a dozen main colleges and universities within 16 of the city centre.
Glasgow is additionally famous for having the 1st international soccer game in 1872 in which Scotland and England drew 0-0. In addition they hold the European record for the most amount of people in attendance at a football match. In 1937, 149 547 attended when Scotland beat England 3-1 in Hampden. Glasgow is also the home of two of the world’s most famed club teams, Celtic and Rangers, sometimes referred to as the “Old Firm.” Their particular competitive rivalry started in 1888. It has a professional rugby union club, the Glasgow Warriors, which plays in the European Rugby Champions Cup. Recently Glasgow was recognised as having the 2014 Commonwealth Games and the first European Championships in 2018.